What are Exosomes?
Exosomes are small, membrane-bound vesicles that are produced by cells and released into the extracellular space. They are involved in a variety of physiological processes, including cell-to-cell communication, waste removal, and immune system regulation. Exosomes are produced by all types of cells, including immune cells, cancer cells, and stem cells.
Exosomes are present in almost all body fluids, including blood, urine, and saliva, and are involved in various physiological processes such as immune response, inflammation, and tissue repair. Exosomes are typically 30-100 nanometers in size and contain a variety of biomolecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids.
Exosomes are formed inside cells when small vesicles called endosomes bud off from the cell membrane and become enclosed in a double-layered membrane. The endosomes then fuse with lysosomes, which are organelles that contain enzymes that digest waste materials. The waste materials are then packaged into small vesicles called exosomes, which are released into the extracellular space when the cell secretes them.
Exosomes are thought to play a role in a number of diseases and conditions, including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, and autoimmune diseases. Research is ongoing to better understand the role of exosomes in these conditions and to develop treatments that target exosomes as a way of influencing disease processes.
Exosomes are being used in a variety of medical applications, including regenerative medicine. There is also growing interest in the use of exosomes for cosmetic purposes, including skin rejuvenation and the treatment of various skin conditions. Speak to your medical professional about the potential advantages of using exosomes for calming inflammation after treatments such as micro-needling and lasers.